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Eye Care for Dogs

Eye Care

A Healthy eye should be clear and bright and the “white” of the eyeball should not be red or yellow. Some of the common illnesses are listed below. If you are able to link them to your pet’s clinical symptoms you will need to ring the vet for advice. Some conditions need urgent medical attention.

Common symptoms of illness

  • Red inner eyelids
  • Matter “stuck” on the surface or in the corners of the eye
  • Cloudiness within the eyeball
  • A dull eye surface
  • The “third eye” coming across the eye
  • Excessive tearing or unusual discharges
  • Tear-stained fur around the eyes
  • Eyes lids can be half closed or completely closed, this is a serious clinical symptom and you should seek veterinary attention immediately

Common Eye Conditions & Symptoms

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation or the membrane that covers both the inner lining of the eyelid and the white of the eye. It may be caused by allergies or by bacterial, fungal or viral infections.

Corneal Ulceration

Corneal Ulceration can occur when the surface of the cornea is scratched or damaged, either as the result of a fight or more seriously, a bacterial or viral infection

Watery eyes

If your pet’s eyes constantly weep or if the fur/hair around them appears “stained” they may suffer from this inherited effect, in which a malformation of the tear ducts blocks the normal flow of tears.

Cataracts & Glaucoma

Just like humans, animals can have these serious eye diseases. Cataracts, which cloud the lens inside the eye, are most often seen in elderly animals. Glaucoma stems from too much pressure being exerted upon the eye’s interior as a result of a decrease in the amount of fluid draining from it.

Step by step instructions on how to administer Eye medications

How to administer Eye Drops

  1. Remove any discharge around the eye with a cotton ball moistened with warm water.
  2. Hold your pet sideways on your lap or place them on a table at a comfortable height. You may want someone to help restrain, they should hold the shoulders to prevent the animal from striking upwards with their paws.
  3. See the instructions on the bottle for dosage. Shake if necessary.
  4. Use one hand to hold the bottle between thumb and index finger while using the other to support your pets head.
  5. Tilt the head back and, to prevent blinking, use your free fingers to hold the eyelids open.
  6. Hold the bottle of drops close to the eye, but DON’T touch the eye surface.
  7. Squeeze, aiming the drops at the centre of the eye, then release the head after the drop is in the eye.
  8. Your pet will blink, spreading the medication over the eye’s surface.

How to Apply Eye Ointment

  1. Remove any discharge around the eye with a cotton ball moistened with warm water.
  2. Hold your pet sideways on your lap or place them on a table at a comfortable height. You may want someone to help restrain, they should hold the shoulders to prevent the animal from striking upwards with their paws.
  3. Check the instructions on the tube for dosage.
  4. Gently pull back upper and lower eyelids.
  5. Hold the tube parallel to the lower eyelid, squeeze out the ointment onto the edge of the eyelid.
  6. Release the head and let your pet blink.
  7. If necessary massage upper and lower eyelids together to spread the medication.